Every social, political phenomenon has its pre-history andreference point. The Labor Union of Atyrau region has its own reference point. Start of a new labor movement’s upsurge in Caspian region began after winning the revolution on February 1917.This period related to active workers and employees’ movement to create Labor Unions in our Oil Emba.OnMarch 1917 first factory committees were already created on Dossor, Makat oil fields and on Rakusha oil refinery station and in April representatives of these three companies have formed united factory committee. Factory committee in Guryev engineering workshop which was reorganized into the Miners’ fishing committee later, was created in 1920.
At the same time there was formation process of other labor unions in Guryev. By this time, Unions of shoemakers, soap-boiler, water transport workers, fishers etc., were already created.
There is a big part of Guryev Labor Union’s Soviet creating on January 1920 in bringing workers to participate in restoration of the national economy. The Guryev Labor Union’s Soviet reorganized into the Bureau of Labor Unions on March 1920. First Guryev Labor Union’s convention was held on 5th of July in 1920.The Congress announced The Labor Unions’ tasks: To mobilize workers for restoration of destroyed national economy, to maintain discipline on the workplace, raise the cultural level through elimination of illiteracy. Congress also ordered to transfer remains of Guryev Sovdep members which were shot on the Peshnoy island and to erect the monument for perished, also the delegates of 1st All-Russian Congress of Labor Unions were elected. The first conference of Kazakhstan Labor Unions was held during the civil war in Orenburg on October 1921. The Conference paid main attention to the orgazational strengthening of labor unions, elected a new Kirbyuro management team for the trade union movement guiding in the region. This was beginning of the organizational registration of labor unions in Kazakhstan. First collective agreements were concluded during that period. Thus, collective agreement between district of Ural-Emba union of mineworkers committee and National association of Emba oil industry has consisted of 12 partitions with about 100 items, that were directed to improve of work conditions, to carrying out of their working duties and increasing of labor productivity. Prominent role in development of Socialist competition in our region and in whole Republic also made the first All-Kazakh's gathering of shock workers that was being held in Almaty in October of 1930. Afterwards have been created a conditions of origin in 1935 Socialist competition - movement of production innovators, according to the name of its initiator, competition were named - Stakhanov's. Significant role in development of Stakhanov's movement in our region was made of district Stakhanov's convention, that was held in Gur'ev city on November the twenty-fifth in 1935. Among the first of Stakhanov's in region were such oil industry workers as: Borodin, Zurbayev, Yeskariyev, Bayarstanov, Kotel'nikov and also fishermen: Djazikbayev, Polkovnikov, Sarbupenov, Gayvoronskiy and many others. In the years or world war 2 the main task of trade unions has become mobilization of working population for accomplishing of war orders. Following to the resolution of central committee communist's party of Kazakhstan "About to put an operation of labor unions on a war footing ", the labor union's organizations of the region very actively participated placing evacuated enterprises, to adjust their operation in new conditions, in arrangement and job placement of arrived people. The oilrig workers of Emba had brought their own contribution to a proceeding crushing defeat of the enemy. For the selfless labor they were awarded with the transient Red banner of the State Committee of Defense for ten times, our region also was awarded with the same banner for a several times for successful accomplishment of government shipping plans, to Novobogatinsk region the transient Red banner of the State Committee of Defense had been left there for an eternal storage. Into enterprises of the oil industry has grown up such a wonderful personnel as Balganym Dospayeva, Ivan Krepostin, Yermek Dutbayev, Sary Yusupov, Aukhatov's brothers, Urazov's and many others.
Accordingly to the archival documents were established that labor union of the teachers was formed in October of 1917 and was named "Teacher's union of the Guryev-Lbishensk region" (a record of a session proceedings from October 29, 2021). In 1918 it was renamed and was named "Reign of the student's union of Guryev city and its regions". In August of 1920 the general meeting of government make a decision to reorganize of "Student's union" and create a new which have been named "Worker's union of Enlightenment and Socialist's culture". By adopted regulations is traced to that teacher's labor union from the first days of its establishment was set the problem to demonstrate a caring for people of labor, a struggle for his interests, improvement of their labor and family life conditions. The 15-th of March in 1939 had taken place constitutive conference of the teacher's labor union, during that conference was formed regional committee of the labor union for an elementary and secondary schools workers. Gumarov Zeynulla was chosen as a chairman. Guryev's territorial labor union of the health care workers was established in 1924 and was known as "Medsantrud", by the 1935 it was unite 23 initial organizations. in 1938 it has became the regional committee of the health care worker's labor union.
Guryev's regional committee of the labor union of fish industry workers was formed in 1946, Tambovtsev Stepan Yephimovich was chosen as a chairman. Rapid development of the national economy in republic in postwar years has demanded following improvement and development of the labor union's formation.
Important part in rising and improvement of work of the labor union's organizations performed labor union's Councils, that has to be restored and created again in republics, lands, regions according to the determination of 19-th Plenum VCSPS (in 1948). At that period in our region had worked 4 sectoral region's committee of labor union and district committee of a labor union of railwaymen of the Guryev's department of Orenburg's railway, committees of labor unions of communications and of Astrakhan sheep breeding state farm. As in other regions of the area was needed a coordinating of the labor union work organ. To this purpose the 1-st of November of 1948 was conducted the first regional between the union constituent conference, where was formed regional Council of labor unions and as a chairman was chosen Djumakhanov Kumar Musinovich, previously he has worked as a deputy registrar of provincial committee of party for industry, secretary was - Akhmedjanov Karim. In connection with creating of between union's organ, of development and consolidation of sectoral labor unions in region occur the organizational consolidation of labor unions. Thus from November 1948 to the 1-st of July of 1951 the amount of members of labor union increased from 35 thousand to 41,5 thousand. By that period were 524 primary labor union's organizations, 8 sectoral regional committees, 1 city committee, 1 district committee of labor union and 1 republican committee of labor union of petroleum industry workers. Archival documents are showing that from the moment of forming regional council of labor unions its work has to be directed for improvement and consolidation of relations between the different sectorals, improvement of social and living conditions of working people, arrangement of cultural leisure, care for health, creation the safe conditions of work. In a word all the job were directed on realization of radical economical reform, that was going on then under the direction of party. To the labor unions were entrusted the National social insurance. This is an improvement of working people's and their children health, payments of different benefits, payment of temporary disability allowance. From 1960-th years operates "Guryevskiy" sanatorium, at labor union insistence by organizations were built and reconstructed sanatoriums- preventoriums for chemists, oil industry workers, construction workers, automobilists, power engineering specialists, ANPZ, fishermen in Ganyushkino village. Only in two years (1976-1977) using the labor union's route sheet in different health-improving sanatoriums has improved their health 16 thousand people, 715 persons - by tourist's vouchers had visited foreign countries, 12 thousand of students - were in pioneer camps. Under the direction of labor unions had worked non-government organizations NTO, VOIR, House of the amateur creation, sport's societies "Kairat", "Enbek", " Labor reserves", 300 clubs and red corners, 27 libraries with holdings of 173 thousand books, 90 permanent and 30 portable film projectors. Organization and summation of socialist competition tackled mainly by labor unions. At XV regional between union conference (1977) were reported that by results IX five-year plan within region 542 livestock workers and agriculture were awarded the orders and medals, 1600 people were awarded a title "Winner of the Socialist competition", 540 persons - title "Record-setter in work productivity IX of a five-year plan".
Regional council of labor unions were directed such statesmen as S. Mukashev (1962-1963 years), Kamalidenov Z. (1970), they have gone through party's school, they worked previously as a secretaries of the district and city committees, Khalelov M., Alenova U., Aitzhanov B., Izteleuov B., Madimov I., Gabdusalimova M.
Of 67 years of activity, 27 year a regional Federation had worked jointly with Mangishlaks's labor union organizations, since it was common region.
In 1990 - 1995 years throughout the country were going reforms. At that period closing down enterprises, organizations, that had led naturally to the axe of amount of labor union organizations and members of labor union. Thereby were closed 4 sectoral regional committees and 5 united committees of labor union. In the very regional Federation of labor union that had consisted previously of 12 departments with 50 of specialists, had remained only 5 workers. In 1996 year by the Government of Republic made a decision about separation from labor unions organizations tackled with National social insurance. At that very period by the offer of the part of activists were formed two regional councils of labor unions (territorial and sectoral) that had negative reflected on well coordinated work of labor unions (experiment of creating of district municipal Soviet labor unions in our region among other 3 regions of the Union that was conducted in 1988-1990 by decision VCSPS). In 1997 was changed again to the sectoral principle of work in labor unions. Shock reforms, hasty privatization, liberalization of the prices and rates, delay of salary and pension payments had provoked protest from the side of labor unions, had seriously strained relations between the labor and capital. In this years the labor unions were standing on principle position for protection of the interests of working people.
People enter into the labor unions for protection of their economic interests, but first of all a labor's. At the period of reforms they began to understand that is becoming more difficult to protect their own rights by oneself, therefore they have referred to the labor unions, thus confidence to the labor unions has permanently developed. Legal foundation of labor union's activity inserted in many documents, beginning from the constitution RoK and other legislational acts of state, maintaining social and legal relationships. Federation of the labor unions in their practical work is guided by these documents. As concerns of concrete social and economic, labor's rights of the citizen and of worker, that the main event of 2014 was signing by the President of the country the law of Republic of Kazakhstan "About labor unions" (hereinafter - the Law). The law was considerably enlarged the rights of the Kazakhs and labor unions in different areas of labor relationships.
From the 2008 activity of conclusion of a collective contracts had become more active. The amount of the labor unions which have concluded collective bargaining contract and agreement within an area reached 669, that is 100 percent of enterprises and organizations where the labor unions are operated. To this motto labor unions having added an own catchword: "Create labor union's organization"! Due to the novelties which were in Law has been stipulated responsibility of an employer in refusing from conduct of negotiations with the employees or with an employee representative to the conclusion of a collective agreement as well as appreciably simplified procedure of creation of the labor union's initial cells without registration at the institutions of justice. We are sure that in near future the conscious employers will be interested in creation of labor unions themselves, as labor union's organizations are always support constructional and mutually beneficial dialogue between an employer and employee.
A significant role in solving problem of protection of rights of the employees performs a mechanism of social participation. This work is carrying out up to the mark. Operates a tripartite agreement (annually signed) between regional Akimat, Federation of labor unions and association of the employers. Quarterly take part in a conference tripartite commission, where consider actual socio-economic relations between employers and employees, to hear factory managers, of organizations, where showing up irregularities of labor legislation, conflict situations.
Between all the acting in region sectoral, united committees of labor unions and their partners had concluded sectoral (tariff) agreement. Federation of regional labor unions today - it is 669 initial labor union's organizations, one regional (oil industry workers), 7 regional sectoral committee of labor union, which united 83907 members of labor unions. Officials of this committees are experienced, confidential of their members of labor union employees, the main activity of whom directed on protection of socio-economic rights of citizens to work, his fair pay, protection against unemployment and lawlessness, for normal conditions of labor. At the complex market's transformation time, arrival of the foreign investors to work of protection of the rights and interests of working population and of the labor union's organizations sectors make a significant contribution such a labor union's leaders as Batyrov K., Kabdulov T.B., Kanbetov SH.A., Sarsenova N.D., Uteuliyev E.K., Yesimova ZH., Ashenova A.B., Kaynenov K.K., and many others. Actively working the labor union's organizations of the leading enterprises of industry in region - AO "ATMA", of the Atyrau's oil refinery plant, AO "Atyrau Zharik", headed by Gabdusalimova M.G., Urimbasarov K.M., Djumazhanova A.G., regional social councils of chairmen of initial labor union's organizations.
Time has proved the correctness of the chosen path and today we look into the future with confidence. During the last many years, structure of the Federation of labor unions as the very mass unification of working population in region are stabile. The members of the labor union in region are approximately 85% from the general number of large and middle enterprises workers and one third from the number of economically active population, that almost twice exceed the average indices in Republic, this is the real indicator of confidence of our activity. In nearest prospects - expansion of sphere of activity on factories with the foreign participation, that engaged of Tengiz and Kashagan development, JV and the private companies, that have already been started in construction and oil and gas of the areas.
To realize a work at the area of protection of rights and interests of working population, to contribute to strengthening of labor union's organizations, to provision of the guarantees of their activity and representation of their interests to a higher labor union organization and to bodies of executive power of the region, Federation of labor unions constantly interact with Federation of labor unions of the Republic of Kazakhstan, participating at the all significant arrangements and supporting legislative initiatives. And our international relations become wider. Today Federation of labor unions of the region takes part in educational, informational programs and interact with VKP, MK NGSP, IndustriALL, of the sectoral labor union's organizations of the countries of Commonwealth of Independent States.
The necessity of the realization of our goals was dictated by changed conditions of development of the country. Active involvement of the Kazakhstan into a global worldwide processes. Industrial development of the economics, strengthening of the well-being of the people and the entry at the 30-ty of very advanced countries of the world within the framework of realization of Strategy "Kazakhstan 2050".
For us the program document was the speech of the President N.A Nazarbayev "20-ty steps to the society of the universal labour". It in full measure has reflected all the spectrum of labor's interrelations, emphasized the attention on a working people, gave the "green light" to the renewal of the activity of labor unions. The new impulse for system achievement of assigned aims quite recently given at the message of the President of country: "Nurlyzhol - the way into the future". Nursultan Abishevich Nazarbayev has made an appeal for efficiently use of not easy crisis period for scaled breakthrough of the economy of Kazakhstan.
According to the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "About labor unions" and decision of executive committee of Federation of the labor unions RoK №8 from 23 of December 2014 happened transformation of labor union's Federation of Atyrau's region into territorial unification of labor unions "Labor union's centre of Atyrau's region", later the chairman of which was appointed Sultanov Dias Baurzhanovich.